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Professor Tony Bell is awarded the Hannes Alfvén Prize 2018

Posted By Administration, 19 December 2017

The European Physical Society, through its Plasma Physics Division, is pleased to announce the Hannes Alfvén Prize 2018 is awarded to

Professor Tony Bell FRS of Oxford University

Tony Bell has opened up new research fields in both astrophysics and the laboratory. His seminal contributions cover cosmic ray acceleration by shocks, magnetic field amplification by cosmic rays, flux limited electron transport, generation of magnetic field by laserproduced energetic electrons, collimation of electron beams for inertial fusion, prolific production of electronpositron pairs.

Scientific background

Tony Bell is a theoretical plasma physicist. During the course of his career he has opened up new research fields in both astrophysical and laboratory plasmas. His foremost achievement is the leading role he played in the development of what is now the standard model of astrophysical particle acceleration and cosmic ray (CR) origins.

He was the sole author of two particularly seminal papers:

(i) In 1978 Tony Bell proposed the theory of diffusive shock acceleration

(ii) In 2004 he showed how streaming cosmic rays can excite a new plasma instability and amplify magnetic fields as required for CR acceleration to PeV energies in supernova remnants (SNR) and to explain the strong magnetic fields observed at shocks.

The process of diffusive shock acceleration was independently proposed by Bell and by three other research groups. The theory of magnetic field amplification was proposed by Bell alone. Shockaccelerated relativistic electrons are responsible for the synchrotron and inverse Compton radiation from radio to gammaray wavelengths that contributes a substantial part of our knowledge of the universe.


In the field of laboratory plasma physics Tony Bell has been one of the main players over three decades in developing the understanding of electron transport in laserproduced plasmas. A longterm aim is the development of laserdriven thermonuclear fusion as a commercially viable source of electricity. In the medium term, laserplasma interactions at high laser intensity are increasingly seen as a shortpulse source of energetic photons, protons, electrons and positrons with a variety of applications. Tony Bell’s main achievements in laboratory plasma physics are:

(i) Explanation of ‘fluxlimited’ inhibition of thermal conduction in Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF) capsules. This initiated the development of the nonlocal theory of electron transport that has proved to be one of the building blocks of the understanding of laserproduced plasmas.

(ii) Theory of energetic electron transport, showing how selfgenerated magnetic field can focus beams of energetic electrons into the dense thermonuclear fuel as required for high gain ICF by ‘fast ignition’.

(iii) Theoretical demonstration that Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) will play an important role in experiments with next generation high power lasers leading to prolific gammaray and electronpositron pair generation.

The common theme uniting these apparently disparate researches is the generation and transport of energetic particles whether they are cosmic rays in astrophysics or energetic electrons and electronpositron pairs in laserproduced plasmas.

Tags:  2018  aw  EPS Plasma Physics Division  eps ppd  Hannes Alfvén Prize  Plasma Physics 

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Nomination for the EPS Hannes Alfvén Prize 2018

Posted By Administration, 19 September 2017
Updated: 19 September 2017

The call for nomination for the EPS Hannes Alfvén Prize 2018 “For outstanding contributions to plasma physics” is open.

The prize was established by the EPS Plasma Physics Division in 2000 and is awarded for research achievements which have either already shaped the field of plasma physics or have demonstrated the potential to do so in the future. To recognise collaborative research, a group of up to three individual scientists may be nominated.

The previous Alfvén Prize laureates are:

  • R Balescu (2000)
  • V Shafranov (2001)
  • M Rosenbluth (2002)
  • V E Fortov (2003)
  • J W Connor, R J Hastie and J B Taylor (2004)
  • M G Haines, T W L Sandford and V Smirnov (2005)
  • P H Rebut (2006)
  • F Wagner (2007)
  • L Chen (2008)
  • J Meyer-ter-Vehn (2009)
  • A H Boozer and J Nührenberg (2010)
  • P Diamond, A Hasegawa and K Mima (2011)
  • E Parker (2012)
  • M Porkolab (2013)
  • P Mora (2014)
  • N Fisch (2015)
  • S Bulanov and H Zohm (2016)
  • K A Razumova (2017)

The closing date for nominations for the 2018 prize is November 3rd, 2017.

The completed nomination form should be sent to the Chair of the Plasma Physics Division Board of the European Physical Society, Prof Richard Dendy, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, U.K., preferably by electronic mail: r.dendy@warwick.ac.uk

The board treats all nominations in full confidence and requests that nominators inform only those persons directly involved. 

Download the nomination form in .doc or .pdf below.

 

 Attached Files:

Tags:  call  EPS Plasma Physics Division  EPS PPD  Hannes Alfvén Prize 

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EPS Plasma Physics Division “PhD Research Award” - call for nominations

Posted By Administration, 19 September 2017
Updated: 19 September 2017

The Award

The Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society (EPS) shall grant up to four prizes annually to young scientists from the 38 European countries associated with the EPS in recognition of truly outstanding research achievements associated with their PhD study in the broad field of plasma physics. The prize shall be known as “The 2018 European Physical Society Plasma Physics Division PhD Research Award1“ (or, in short, PhD Research Award). The purpose of the prize is to encourage and reward excellence of young researchers in the field of plasma physics.

Value of the PPD PhD Research Award

The award winners will receive an award certificate from the EPS, prize money of EUR 1000 and a 3-year individual membership of the EPS, presented during the opening ceremony of the annual divisional conference. The award winners will be encouraged to present their work as an oral contribution during the following annual divisional conference and their conference fee will be waived. The award winners will receive an invitation to the conference dinner. The laudations will be printed in the Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Special Conference Issue.

Nominations

Nominations for the PhD Research Award may be made by any individual member of the Plasma Physics Division of the EPS (the Nominator). No self - proposals shall be considered. Complete nominations must be lodged by the Nominator with the Chairman of the Plasma Physics Division or the organizing member of the board of the plasma physics division between 2 October and 3 December 2017 at the address given on the divisional web site http://plasma.ciemat.es/eps/awards/phd-research-award/. Incomplete nominations will not be considered.

Criteria for selection

The PhD thesis must have been formally accepted by a degree awarding institution in the EPS member states during the two years preceding the nomination. The PhD must typically have been awarded within 10 years of the candidate starting his/her first undergraduate course.

A candidate's academic qualifications must be recognized and supported by proven outstanding success in research work, including the potential impact of the nominee's published work. The Selection Committee will attempt to discern excellence in any field of plasma physics. The jury will weigh the depth of the PhD work against the time taken for the work, to respect the significant variation of the time required to complete a PhD within Europe. There will not be a numerus clausus between sub-fields of plasma physics.

Supporting Documentation

A nomination shall include the following documentation:
1. Personal details of the nominee to be provided on the nomination form (available
on the divisional web site http://plasma.ciemat.es/eps/awards/phd-research-award/) as well as a short CV;
2. A 5-page synopsis of the PhD thesis and associated research in English, to be
written by the candidate;

3. A 2-page nomination letter from the Nominator, including a detailed statement of the nominee's academic qualifications, acknowledging in particular:
the nominee's international standing,
the outstanding quality of the work performed by the candidate,
the nominee's recognized discoveries, theories and findings,
– the significance of the nominee’s research work for the research field,
the nominee's academic curriculum and time taken in the research,
the nominee's publications, citation index.
4. Chronological list of the nominee's academic publications;
5. A signed confirmation by the nominee that the research work has been executed
by himself/herself;

The documentation items 1 - 5 shall be assembled as a single pdf-file and shall be submitted by electronic mail to the address on the divisional website.
6. A supporting letter from an independent referee, chosen by the Nominator;
7. A supporting letter from the nominee's PhD supervisor, if this is not the Nominator,confirming the outstanding quality of the work carried out.
Documents 6 - 7 can also be included in the pdf or can be sent separately by electronic mail to the address on the divisional web site. The Selection Committee may request a paper copy of the PhD thesis, if this is not available electronically. This should not be submitted until requested. It is not mandatory that the PhD thesis is written in English.

Selection Procedure

Proposals for the awards shall be made annually by a Selection Committee consisting of a Chairman and 2 - 3 members of the Division. The chairman and members of the Selection Committee shall be nominated annually by the Divisional Board and may serve for no more than 3 consecutive years. The Selection Committee shall work independently of the Divisional Board.

The Selection Committee may request a personal interview with the candidate, or may request 3rd party assessment of a candidate. The proposals by the Selection Committee shall take the form of a 300-word citation which shall be ratified by the Divisional Board, by written procedure with the Chairman of the Board who will inform the EPS of the decision. The Selection Committee may propose up to 4 candidates for the award, but may also decide to propose no candidate if the selection criteria are not considered to have been met.

Decision

The decision on the awards will be sent to all nominees in early March, 2018. The award winners will receive their nomination to present an oral talk at the next EPS conference from the Conference Programme Committee. The Selection Committee cannot enter into any discussions with Nominators or candidates concerning its decisions, which are final. The considerations of the Selection Committee are confidential.


1 The name of the PhD Research Award may include the name of a sponsoring organization, in which case the award shall be known as “The 2018 XYZ and European Physical Society Plasma Physics PhD Research Award”.

 Attached Files:
PhD_prize_2018.pdf (201.82 KB)

Tags:  call  EPS Plasma Physics Division  EPS PPD  nominations  PhD prize 

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2017 EPS Alfvén and Plasma Innovation Prizes: winners have been announced!

Posted By Gina Gunaratnam, 13 March 2017

The 2017 Alfvén prize is awarded to Ksenia Aleksandrovna Razumova, from the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, Russia), for

“obtaining, for the first time, a macroscopically stable plasma column in a tokamak configuration; this led to the world-wide programme of experimental exploration and development of the tokamak concept for magnetic confinement fusion”.


The 2017 Innovation award is going to Michel Moisan, from the Université de Montréal (Québec, Canada), for

“pioneering contributions to the development and understanding of microwave plasma sources and their applications to materials processing, healthcare and environmental protection”.

 

Tags:  2017  EPS Plasma Physics Division  EPS PPD  Hannes Alfvén Prize  Innovation Prize  prize 

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EPS Hannes Alfvén Prize 2017 - Nominations are open

Posted By Administration, 18 October 2016
Updated: 20 October 2016

Nominations for the EPS Hannes Alfvén Prize 2017 “For outstanding contributions to plasma physics” are now open. 

The prize was established by the EPS Plasma Physics Division in 2000 and is awarded for research achievements which have either already shaped the field of plasma physics or have demonstrated the potential to do so in future. To recognize collaborative research, a group of up to three individual scientists may be nominated.

The previous Alfvén Prize laureates are:

R Balescu (2000)

V Shafranov (2001)

M Rosenbluth (2002)

V E Fortov (2003)

J W Connor, R J Hastie and J B Taylor (2004)

M G Haines, T W L Sandford and V Smirnov (2005)

P H Rebut (2006)

F Wagner (2007)

L Chen (2008)

J Meyer-ter-Vehn (2009)

A H Boozer and J Nührenberg (2010)

P Diamond, A Hasegawa and K Mima (2011)

E Parker (2012)

M Porkolab (2013)

P Mora (2014)

N Fisch (2015)

S Bulanov and H Zohm (2016)

 

The closing date for nominations for the 2017 prize is November 4th, 2016

The completed nomination form should be sent to the Chair of the Plasma Physics Division Board of the European Physical Society, Prof Richard Dendy, Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, Oxfordshire OX14 3DB, U.K., preferably by electronic mail: r.dendy@warwick.ac.uk

 

 Call for the EPS Hannes Alfvén Prize 2017: download the pdf below

 EPS Hannes Alfvén Prize

Download File (PDF)

Tags:  2017  call  EPS Plasma Physics Division  EPS PPD  Hannes Alfvén Prize 

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The 2016 prizes of the EPS Plasma Physics Division are announced

Posted By Administration, 26 May 2016
Updated: 26 May 2016

The EPS Plasma Physics Division (EPS PPD) recognises outstanding research in plasma physics with several prizes.

The 2016 Hannes Alfvén Prize is awarded to

  • Sergei Bulanov, National Institute for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Japan and A.M. Prokhorov, Institute of General Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia and
  • Hartmut Zohm, Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics, Germany
    “for their experimental and theoretical contributions to the development of large-scale next-step devices in high-temperature plasma physics research”.

The 2016 EPS Plasma Physics Innovation Prize is awarded to

  • Klaus-Dieter Weltmann Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology, Germany and
  • Thomas von Woedtke, Leibniz Institute for Plasma Science and Technology, Germany
    “for their pioneering work in the field of plasma medicine”.

The 2016 EPS Plasma Physics Division PhD Research Award goes to

  • Bastien Bruneau (LPICM, France) for his PhD thesis on the “control of radio frequency capacitively coupled plasma asymmetries using Tailored Voltage Waveforms”,
  • Arnaud Colaitis (CELIA, France) for his PhD thesis on a “multiscale description of the Laser-Plasma Interaction, application to the physics of shock ignition in Inertial Confinement Fusion” and
  • Natasha Jeffrey (U. Glasgow, United Kingdom) for her PhD thesis on the “spatial, spectral and polarization properties of solar flare X-ray sources”.

The 2016 APS-EPS Landau Spitzer Award is awarded to

  • John Berkery (Columbia University, USA),
  • Steven Sabbagh (Columbia University, USA),
  • Yueqiang Liu (CCFE, UK), and
  • Holger Reimerdes (EPFL, CH)

“for their seminal joint research providing key understanding and quantitative verification of global mode stability in experimental high performance tokamak plasmas, based on drift-kinetic MHD theory, and made possible by strong and essential partnership between Europe and the USA”.

The prize ceremony will take place during the annual conference of the Division that will take place in Leuven (Belgium) from 4-7 July 2016. Click here for details about the conference.

More information can be found on the website of the EPS Plasma Physics Division.

Tags:  2016  EPS Plasma Physics Division  EPS PPD  prize 

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France inaugurates APOLLON Laser

Posted By Administration, 15 October 2015

The summer of the International Year of Light ended brilliantly in France.

After PETAL’s achievement celebrated in mid-September near Bordeaux (see related News), the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), the Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) together with Université Paris-Saclay (which includes Ecole Polytechnique, ENSTA, IOGS and Université Paris-Sud) inaugurated the APOLLON laser facility on the 29 September 2015. This inauguration took place in the presence of the French State Secretary for Higher Education and Research, Mr. Thierry Mandon, the Vice-President of Ile-de-France Regional Council, Mrs. Isabelle This Saint-Jean, together with several CNRS and CEA high-level personalities. The chairpersons of the Quantum Electronics and Optics Division and the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society, Luc Bergé and Sylvie Jacquemot, also attended this important event, marking the starting point of new collaborations between the optical and plasma physics communities.

APOLLON – whose name has been inspired by the Greek God of Sun Apollo - should be the first laser in the world to deliver a power of 5 PW (petawatts, million of billions watts) in 2017. This gigantic instrument will occupy 4,000 m² in the basement of a CEA site located in the heart of the new Paris-Saclay campus. Alone the laser room measures 750 m², to which must be added two radiation-protected bunkers of 250 and 400 m² built inside 5-m-thick concrete walls. The researchers hope to confine an optical energy of 155 joules in only 15 femtoseconds (one millionth of a billionth of sec.). The first experiments should take place in 2017 while the facility will overcome the 5-PW barrier. This step will be followed by a rise in power and the facility will be opened to users in 2018, year along which 10 petawatts are expected to be reached. 

APOLLON will allow physicists to explore new “terra incognita” and unknown dynamics in laser-matter interaction when a large amount of optical energy is focused during an extremely brief time interval. Capable of supplying the highest intensity levels in the world - far above the astronomical value of 1020 W/cm2 – this exceptional laser facility will be the key for opening new worlds of physics. Among those, relativistic physics, that is to say the behavior of matter whose particles are driven by laser to nearly the speed of light, is highly promising to produce novel sources of accelerated electrons and ions toward multi-gigaelectronvolt values. From such experiments, innovative solutions could be proposed for medical imaging techniques based on protontherapy. Looking at the cosmic horizon, energetic sources of radiation and laser-accelerated particles will simulate different mechanisms related to violent astrophysical events such as supernovae, pulsars or gamma ray bursts. At the microscopic scale, the shortness of APOLLON pulses will offer the means to observe phenomena evolving over attosecond durations, i. e., over thousandths of one femtosecond, which is the characteristic duration of the rotation of an electron around an atomic core. Last but not least, APOLLON will open up unique opportunities to probe and exploit the quantum properties of the vacuum and create electron-positron pairs from an intense light beam.

A new sun is shining in Ile-de-France. And it will be shining for a long time.

Luc Bergé, EPS-QEOD Chair &
Sylvie Jacquemot, EPS-PPD Chair


Fig: Chairs of the EPS Plasma Physics Division, Sylvie Jacquemot (left) and of the EPS Quantum Electronics and Optics Division, Luc Bergé (right) attending together APOLLON Inauguration (copyright: Ecole Polytechnique).

 

Tags:  EPS PPD  EPS QEOD  Lasers 

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EPS Plasma Physics Division prizes awarded

Posted By admin, 30 April 2015

The 2015 Hannes Alfvén Prize will be awarded at EPS2015 to

Nathaniel J. Fisch (PPL, USA) “for his contributions to the understanding of plasma wave‐particle interactions and their applications to efficiently driving currents with radio‐frequency waves”.

The 2015 PhD Research Awards to

Bruno Albertazzi (LULI, FR) for his PhD thesis on “Plasmas Lasers et Champs Magnétiques”,
Joaquim Loizu
(EPFL, CH) for his PhD thesis on “The role of the sheath in magnetized plasma turbulence and flows” and
Michael Rack
(Düsseldorf Univ., DE) for his PhD thesis on “Influence of resonant magnetic perturbations on transient heat load deposition and fast ion losses”.

More info can be found on the website of the EPS Plasma Physics Division.

Tags:  EPS PPD  Plasma Physics  prize 

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