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EPS Plasma Physics Division prizes awarded

Posted By admin, 30 April 2015

The 2015 Hannes Alfvén Prize will be awarded at EPS2015 to

Nathaniel J. Fisch (PPL, USA) “for his contributions to the understanding of plasma wave‐particle interactions and their applications to efficiently driving currents with radio‐frequency waves”.

The 2015 PhD Research Awards to

Bruno Albertazzi (LULI, FR) for his PhD thesis on “Plasmas Lasers et Champs Magnétiques”,
Joaquim Loizu
(EPFL, CH) for his PhD thesis on “The role of the sheath in magnetized plasma turbulence and flows” and
Michael Rack
(Düsseldorf Univ., DE) for his PhD thesis on “Influence of resonant magnetic perturbations on transient heat load deposition and fast ion losses”.

More info can be found on the website of the EPS Plasma Physics Division.

Tags:  EPS PPD  Plasma Physics  prize 

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Photo exhibition at IONS Karlsruhe 2015

Posted By Administration, 30 April 2015

IONS Karlsruhe 2015 is a 3-day conference targeted at PhD and Master students working in the field of optics and photonics. Participation is free of charge, details can be found on the registration page.

Besides the scientific and social program OSKar arranges a photo exhibition devoted to the International Year of Light 2015.  Hobby photographers and professionals are invited to submit their photographs in order to show the presence of light in all the areas of our life: arts, science and society.

Tags:  conferences  EPS Young Minds  International Year of Light  IYL 2015 

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Caterina Biscari received The FemTalent 2015 Award

Posted By Administration, 23 April 2015
In recognition for her professional career, Caterina Biscari, former member of the EPS Executive Committee, has been bestowed today with the FemTalent 2015 award. FemTalent aims at promoting gender equality and feminine talent.

Read the full article on the ALBA-CELLS website.

Tags:  award  member 

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Professor José Mariano Gago passed away

Posted By Administration, 20 April 2015
The European Physical Society would like to express its sadness at the sudden death of Professor José Mariano Gago.  He passed away suddenly in his home on Friday 17 April 2015.

Professor Gago was a great defender of science, in his home country Portugal, and in Europe. As Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education in Portugal between 1995 and 2002, and between 2005 and 2011, he led wide ranging reforms to improve the research and education in Portugal.

More information on Professor Gago and his achievements is available here: http://www.cmuportugal.org/tiercontent.aspx?id=5869

Tags:  European Commission 

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The 2015 EPS HEPP Prizes are announced

Posted By Administration, 14 April 2015

The EPS High Energy Physics Division announces the winners of its 2015 prizes, which will be awarded at the Europhysics Conference on High-Energy Physics (EPS-HEP 2015), Vienna (Austria) 22−29 July 2015 (http://eps-hep2015.eu/):


The 2015
High Energy and Particle Physics Prize, for an outstanding contribution to High Energy Physics, is awarded to
James D. Bjorken “for his prediction of scaling behaviour in the structure of the proton that led to a new understanding of the strong interaction”, and to

Guido Altarelli, Yuri L. Dokshitzer, Lev Lipatov, and Giorgio Parisi “for developing a probabilistic field theory framework for the dynamics of quarks and gluons, enabling a quantitative understanding of high-energy collisions involving hadrons”.


The 2015
Giuseppe and Vanna Cocconi Prize, for an outstanding contribution to Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology in the past 15 years, is awarded to Francis Halzen “for his visionary and leading role in the detection of very high-energy extraterrestrial neutrinos, opening a new observational window on the Universe“.


The 2015 Gribov Medal, for outstanding work by a young physicist in Theoretical Particle Physics and/or Field Theory, is awarded to
Pedro G. Vieira “for his groundbreaking contributions to the determination of the exact spectrum of anomalous dimensions of N=4 supersymmetric Yang- Mills theory and scattering amplitudes, for any interaction strength“.


The 2015 Young Experimental Physicist Prize, for outstanding work by one or more young physicists in the field of Particle Physics and/or Particle Astrophysics, is awarded to
Jan Fiete Grosse-Oetringhaus
“for his outstanding contributions to the investigation of particle collisions at the LHC through the analysis of jet quenching and multiparticle correlations in the ALICE experiment“,

and to
Giovanni Petrucciani “for his outstanding contributions to the optimisation of the tracking in the CMS detector, the Higgs boson discovery and the measurements of its properties“.

 
The 2015
Outreach Prize, for outstanding outreach achievement connected with High Energy Physics and/or Particle Astrophysics, is awarded to
Kate Shaw “for her contributions to the International Masterclasses and for her pioneering role in bringing them to countries with no strong tradition in particle physics“.

More information on the EPS HEPPD website.

Tags:  EPS HEPP  eps hepp prizes  outreach 

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Physicists who predicted the structure of the proton to be awarded the prestigious EPS High Energy Physics prize

Posted By Gina Gunaratnam, 13 April 2015
Updated: 13 April 2015

The 2015 High Energy and Particle Physics Prize of the European Physical Society has been awarded jointly to five theoretical physicists:

  • James D. Bjorken (SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford, USA)
    “for his prediction of scaling behaviour in the structure of the proton that led to a new understanding of the strong interaction” and to
  • Guido Altarelli (University of Roma Tre, Rome, Italy and CERN, Geneva, Switzerland),
  • Yuri Dokshitzer (Laboratory of Theoretical and High Energy Physics, Paris, France and St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, Russia),
  • Lev N. Lipatov (National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, Russia) and
  • Giorgio Parisi (University of Rome, La Sapienza, Rome, Italy)
    “for developing a probabilistic field theory framework for the dynamics of quarks and gluons, enabling a quantitative understanding of high-energy collisions involving hadrons”.

The award ceremony will take place at the EPS-HEP 2015 conference in Vienna (http://eps-hep2015.eu/) on 27 July 2015.

In the quest for understanding the deep structure of matter, it was clear by the end of 1950s that the nucleus consists of smaller constituents, protons and neutrons, called nucleons. It was also proposed that these particles were in fact composite, and made of smaller particles called quarks. However, physicists had no idea of how to observe these smaller pieces, nor did they have a theory that could consistently describe their dynamical properties. In 1968, J.D. Bjorken investigated the mathematical properties of the scattering of highly energetic electrons off protons, the so-called deep-inelastic scattering, in the hypothetical limit when the protons have infinite momentum. He found that the structure of the proton should then be independent of the energy transferred from the electron, as the quantity that determines the resolution scale. This property, called scaling behaviour of the proton structure, led him to propose that the scattering of the electron occurs on point-like constituents of the proton, dubbed partons. His findings were soon confirmed experimentally, and the partons coincided with the quarks postulated earlier. These developments eventually led to the construction of a quantum field theory of the strong interaction: quantum chromo-dynamics (QCD).

The resulting parton model introduces probabilistic momentum distributions for partons (duly identified as quarks and the gluons that bind them) inside the proton. Collisions involving energetic protons are described by elementary collision processes with partons in the initial state. A consistent formulation of this parton-model picture in the context of QCD perturbation theory was achieved in 1977 by G. Altarelli and G. Parisi, as well as independently by Y. Dokshitzer who built on earlier work of V.N. Gribov and L.N. Lipatov. Although physicists are still not able to compute the momentum distributions in the proton, the equations derived in 1977, called DGLAP evolution equations, describe the QCD-induced variation of parton momentum distributions with the resolution scale. Furthermore, they provide a physical explanation of logarithmic deviations from Bjorken scaling in terms of parton radiation prior to their violent interaction. The QCD-improved parton model is a very successful framework that has been validated experimentally to high precision on a multitude of experimental measurements. At present it forms the basis of precise quantitative predictions of cross sections for scattering processes at hadron colliders. As such it is a cornerstone of the interpretation of all measurements at the Large Hadron Collider, including not only processes with already known particles in the final state but also searches for new particles, such as the Higgs boson discovered in 2012.

Professor Yves Sirois (Ecole Polytechnique Paris), the current secretary of the EPS HEPP Board, said, “This prize recognizes essential theoretical contributions that paved the way to the modern understanding of scattering processes involving hadrons, allowing ultimately to interpret the data of many generations of leading experiments at HERA, the Tevatron, and the LHC colliders in terms of the fundamental processes involving quarks and gluons”.

Source and contact:
Prof. Thomas Lohse, chair of the EPS-HEPP Board, lohse@physik.hu- berlin.de.

Original publications:
J.D.Bjorken, Asymptotic Sum Rules at Infinite Momentum, Phys.Rev. 179 (1968) 1547. V.N.Gribov and L.N.Lipatov, Deep Inelastic Electron Proton Scattering in Perturbation

Theory, Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 15 (1972) 438.
G.Altarelli and G.Parisi, Asymptotic Freedom in Parton Language, Nucl.Phys. B126

(1977) 298.
Y.L.Dokshitzer, Calculation of the Structure Functions for Deep Inelastic Scattering and

e+e- Annihilation by Perturbation Theory in Quantum Chromodynamics, Sov.Phys.JETP 46 (1977) 641.

For further reading

http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Bjorken_scaling
http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/QCD_evolution_equations_for_parton_densities

Tags:  EPS HEPP  prize 

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LIGHT2015 Young Photonics Entrepreneur Award and Young Women in Photonics Award

Posted By Administration, 12 March 2015
The International Year of Light in Europe 2015 (LIGHT2015) is an outreach and education initiative – coordinated by the European Physical Society and funded by the European Commission under the H2020 Programme - that will promote the importance of photonics to young people, entrepreneurs, and the general public in Europe during the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies (IYL 2015). Under this framework the European Optical Society and the LIGHT2015 project announce:

  • The LIGHT2015 Young Photonics Entrepreneur Award to honour an individual who has made outstanding technical and/ or innovative contributions to the photonics industry
  • The LIGHT2015 Young Women in Photonics Award to honour a young female scientist who has made outstanding contributions to photonics

Both awards consist of a diploma and an honorarium of €2500.The awards will be presented at the World of Photonics Congress in Munich, Germany, which will be held on 21 - 25 June, 2015.

Elegibility:

LIGHT2015 Young Photonics Entrepreneur Award
Any entrepreneur under 37 years old, at the moment of the presentation of the award, active in the field of photonics may apply for the award.

LIGHT2015 Young Women in Photonics Award
Any woman under 37 years old, at the moment of the presentation of the award, active in the field of photonics may apply for the award.

How to apply:

Candidates should send the completed application form, one letter of support (by a supervisor or mentor), a short (2 page) biography/CV, a list of publications, a description of the contribution (not exceeding 2 pages of A4, 12 point text), making clear the nature of innovation impact to industry/contribution to photonics to Ms. Elina Koistinen, (koistinen@myeos.org).

Deadline for Applications: 15 April 2015

Documents:

For more information please visit the LIGHT2015 website.

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Division of Physics in Life Sciences: February 2015 newsletter

Posted By Administration, 24 February 2015
This is the February 2015 newsletter that informs about selectedbiophysics articles published in European physics and biophysics

journals. Please share other relevant information, e.g. about interesting conferences.
Marek Cieplak


List of papers:

- "Protein unfolding and refolding as transitions through virtual states"
   L. L. Bonilla, A. Carpio, and A. Prados
   2014 EPL 108 28002
   doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/28002

- "Rapid microbead-based DNA detection using dielectrophoresis
  and impedance measurement"
  Michihiko Nakano, Zhenhao Ding, Hiromichi Kasahara, and Junya Suehiro
  2014 EPL 108 28003
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/28003

- "Coevolutionary success-driven multigames"
  Attila Szolnoki, and Matja Perc 2014
  EPL 108 28004
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/28004

- "Micelle fragmentation and wetting in confined flow"
  Mona Habibi, Colin Denniston, and Mikko Karttunen
  2014 EPL 108 28005
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/28005

- "When susceptible-infectious-susceptible contagion meets time-varying
  networks with identical infectivity"
  Yi-Qing Zhang, and Xiang Li
  2014 EPL 108 28006
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/28006

- "A statistical analysis of the Y-chromosome"
   N. T. C. M. Souza, D. H. A. L. Anselmo, R. Silva, M. S. Vasconcelos,
   and V. D. Mello 2014
   EPL 108 38004
   doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/38004

- "Patterns in biofilms: From contour undulations to fold focussing"
  Martine Ben Amar, and Min Wu
  2014 EPL 108 38003
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/38003

- "Two- or three-step assembly of banana-shaped proteins coupled
  with shape transformation of lipid membranes
  Hiroshi Noguchi
  2014 EPL 108 48001
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/48001

- "Adaptation and irreversibility in microevolution"
  Stefano Bo, Andrea Mazzolini, and Antonio Celani
  2014 EPL 108 68002
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/68002

- "Electrostatic interactions in the presence of surface charge
  regulation: Exact results"
  A. C. Maggs, and R. Podgornik
  2014 EPL 108 68003
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/68003

- "Dynamics of a suspension of interacting yolk-shell particles"
  L. E. Schez Dz, E. C. Cortes-Morales, X. Li, Wei-Ren Chen,
  and M. Medina-Noyola
  2014 EPL 108 68007
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/108/68007

- "Protein-based nanobiosensor for direct detection of hydrogen
  sulfide"
  Meisam Omidi, Ghasem Amoabediny, Fatemeh Yazdian,
  and M. Habibi-Rezaei
  2015 EPL 109 18005
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/109/18005

- "Scale-free networks as an epiphenomenon of memory"
  F. Caravelli, A. Hamma, and M. Di Ventra
  2015 EPL 109 28006
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/109/28006

- "Random walk patterns of a soil bacterium in open and confined
  environments"
  M. Theves, J. Taktikos, V. Zaburdaev, H. Stark, and C. Beta
  2015 EPL 109 28007
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/109/28007

- "Deconvoluting chain heterogeneity from driven translocation
  through a nanopore"
  Ramesh Adhikari, and Aniket Bhattacharya
  2015 EPL 109 38001
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/109/38001

- "Anomalous diffusion of DNA on a supported cationic lipid
  membrane"
  Chen-Ming Chang, Yuk-Gyn Lau, Shu-Ching Ou, Tse-Yu Lin,
  and Wen-Tau Juan
  2015 EPL 109 38002
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/109/38002

- "Physical properties of polyacrylamide gels probed by AFM
  and rheology"
  Yara Abidine, Valie M. Laurent, Richard Michel, Alain Duperray,
  Liviu Iulian Palade, and Claude Verdier
  2015 EPL 109 38003
  doi:10.1209/0295-5075/109/38003

Tags:  DPL  newsletter 

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Invitation to attend EGAS 2015

Posted By Administration, 23 February 2015

Dear Colleague,

Just a reminder - if you have not yet registered for EGAS 2015, you are welcome to register in order to take the advantage of the special early bird registration rates.

Please, note that timely hotel booking is advisable, as the time of conference coincides with multiple events in Riga.

The conference will be held at the University of Latvia, July 14 – 17. The speakers include Sir M. Berry, D. Bloch, D. Budker, F. Ferlaino, S.
Hell, M. Kozlov, S. Maniscalco, R. Moszynski, M. Safronova,T. Schätz, S. Schlemmer, Y. Silberberg, M. Simon, G. Tino, S. Willitsch, A. Zair. As usual, EGAS conference will be the annual venue for meeting the distinguished specialists of the field and a source of scientific inspiration.

Further information, including the programme and online registration is available at http://www.egas.lu.lv/ .

Please, print and distribute the enclosed conference poster among the colleagues by pinning it on your notice boards in printed form and send it out electronically to everyone who could be interested.

In case of further inquiries, please, write us at egas@lu.lv.

Looking forward to seeing you in Riga this summer,

Prof. Marcis Auzinsh,

Member of EGAS Board
Head of the Organising Committee
University of Latvia

Tags:  call  conferences  EPS EGAS 

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EPS Letter to President Juncker on the Reallocation of Horizon 2020 Funds

Posted By Administration, 17 February 2015
Updated: 17 February 2015
The European Physical Society (EPS) has written a letter to the President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, expressing concern over the re-allocation of funds from the Horizon 2020 budget.

Research and development are key drivers of prosperity, and reducing Europe’s capacity to finance frontier research jeopardizes its ability to develop the future technology that will be important for economic growth, job creation, and addressing societal challenges.  Cutting the Horizon 2020 budget is sending the wrong message to the scientific communities who are essential for Europe's future.  

To see the letter and the attached statement, please see http://eps.site-ym.com/resource/resmgr/policy/EPS2015_LetterToJCJuncker.pdf.

Tags:  European Commission  statement 

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